KAROLA DIERICHS Architectural Research and Design

KAROLA DIERICHS
Projects
ICD Aggregate Wall 2017
ICD Aggregate Wall 2017

ICD AGGREGATE WALL 2017 Inaugural Exhibition of the Design Society, Shenzhen, 2017 The ICD Aggregate Wall 2017 showcases a designed granular material. Granular materials are extremely large numbers of individual elements, which are not bound to each other, but between which only contact forces are acting. Natural examples of such granular systems include sand, gravel, […]

ICD Aggregate Column 2017
ICD Aggregate Column 2017

The ICD Aggregate Column 2017 is part of the research field of Aggregate Architectures conducted at the ICD, University of Stuttgart. This research area investigates the possibilities of granular materials in architecture. Granular materials are defined as large amounts of elements with only short-range contact forces acting between them. Looking to naturally forming granular systems […]

ICD Aggregate Pavilion 2015
ICD Aggregate Pavilion 2015

The ICD Aggregate Pavilion 2015 is the first architectural structure to be publicly realized with a designed granular system. It has been constructed and exhibited during summer 2015 in a central location at the University of Stuttgart, Germany. Designed granulates are defined as particle systems with large numbers, in which the individual granule is synthetically […]

3D Laserscanning 2013
3D Laserscanning 2013

The five-day workshop Informed Matter – Aggregate Structure conducted at the Institute for Computational Design at Stuttgart University explored the formation of full-scale aggregate structures under compression through jamming of non-convex designed granulates. In this context, 3D laserscanning has been used to measure and document a self-supporting dome consisting of circa 5000 non-convex designed granules. […]

Cumulated Icosahedra 2013
Cumulated Icosahedra 2013

Designed Granular Matter allows for the calibration of mechanical properties. If applied in an architectural context structural stability is of prime relevance paired with the granulate’s intrinsic capacity for reconfiguration. One method for increasing structural stability is the increase of interlocking arms in a non-convex polyhedron generated by geometric cumulation.The numerical simulations conducted in ITASCA […]

Numerical Simulation 2013
Numerical Simulation 2013

The project seeks to develop Discrete Element Method simulations that allow for modeling of the behaviour of non-convex granulates which are designed to form architectural structures. Initially a benchmark between two modeling approaches was run, showing that with increasing particle numbers a clump-based particle model allows for less computational time than a block-based one. The […]

Non-Convex Particle Model 2012
Non-Convex Particle Model 2012

In order to arrive at a computational design model for designed granulates, several already existing particle types are analyzed using the notion of convex and non-convex hulls. Based on this, a new particle type for sheet material is suggested both integrating the features developed so far and adding new morphological characteristics. These different particles types […]

Aggregate Structures 2011
Aggregate Structures 2011

Aggregates are defined as large masses of elements in loose contact to each other. They can be applied architecturally, especially if the individual grains are designed to fulfil specific performance criteria. In this experiment, 50000 industrially produced designed particles are being poured and stabilised over pneumatic formwork, settling into interconnected dome-shapes. The concave hull of […]

Robotic Pouring of Designed Granular Substances
Robotic Pouring of Designed Granular Substances

Using a KRL-controlled robotic emitter-head, designed granulates can be poured to form stable full-scale structures. Compared to conventional 3D printing techniques or additive manufacturing, this process is very rapid due to the particles’ morphology allowing for fast interlocking and solidification of the poured structure. Karola Dierichs – Institute for Computational Design (ICD) – Professor Achim […]

DEM Simulation 2010
DEM Simulation 2010

The Institute for Computational Design (ICD) and the Institute of Engineering and Computational Mechanics (ITM) at the University of Stuttgart are investigating the architectural potential of designed granular systems using analogue and digital methods. In the investigation of aggregates, experiments and simulations play a crucial role as only through these the observation of the behaviour […]

Aggregations – Geomorphodynamic Microclimates
Aggregations - Geomorphodynamic Microclimates

Nature processes large amounts of potential construction material in the form of aggregates and assembles them into dynamic morphologies. The idea is to use these natural formative processes in order to actuate semi-natural dynamic microenvironments. These induce morphological and climatic transformations which are relevant both with regards to their human inhabitation and the original geology. […]

Method for a Formwork made of Sand
Method for a Formwork made of Sand

German Patent No. 102008049408, Issued September 29, 2008: Verfahren zum Herstellen eines Formkörpers: Bei einem Verfahren zum Herstellen eines Formkörpers, wobei eine aushärtbare Substanz mit einer gewünschten Oberflächenform versehen und ausgehärtet wird, ist vorgesehen, daß eine gekörnte Inert-Substanz in eine Form gefüllt wird, um den Boden der Form zu bilden, die Oberfläche der Inert-Substanz strukturiert […]