This latter aspect specifically enables granular materials to perform as an architectural system in their own right. These designed granular materials have been explored at the ICD since 2010.
The research at the ICD has on the one hand encompassed investigations into a wide range of particle geometries and their effects on the characteristics of the overall granular material. On the other hand relevant construction processes for these new material systems have been explored.
In this context the ICD Aggregate Wall 2017 investigates the formation of vertical structures made from highly non-convex particles. Vertical structures are not feasible with most naturally occurring granular materials, which have a sloped angle of repose. However the highly non-convex designed particles, used in this granular structure, allow a ninety degree angle and thus open up a new design spectrum.